Free Access
Ann. Zootech.
Volume 49, Number 2, March-April 2000
Page(s) 129 - 140


Aarnink A.J.A., Wagemans M.J.M., van den Berg A.J., Housing for growing pigs meeting the needs for animal, stockman and environment, in: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium: Livestock Environment V, ASAE, Bloomington, Minnesota, USA, 1997.
Anderson D.P., Cherms F.L., Hanson R.P., The adverse effects of ammonia on chickens including resistance to infection with Newcastle Disease virus, Avian dis. 8 (1964) 369-379.
ApSimon H.M., Kruse M., Bell J.N.B., Ammonia emissions and their role in acid deposition, Atmos. Envir. 21 (1987) 1939-1946.
Bernal M.P., Lopez-Real J.M., Natural zeolites and sepiolite as ammonium and ammonia adsorbent materials, Bioresource Technology 43 (1993) 31-38.
Bernal M.P., Lopez-Real J.M., Scott K.M., Application of natural zeolites for the reduction of ammonia emissions during the composting of organic wastes in a laboratory composting simulator, Bioresource Technology 43 (1993) 35-39.
Bless H.-G., Beinhauer R., Sattelmacher B., Ammonia emission from slurry applied to wheat stubble and rape in North Germany, J. Agric. Sci. 117 (1991) 225-231.
Bonazzi G., Navaratto P., Valli L., Control of ammonia emissions in pig housing on straw, Rivista di suinicoltura 35 (1994) 67-70.
Buckman H.O., Brady N.C., The nature and properties of soils, 8th ed., London, 1969.
Buijsman E., Maas H.F., Asman W.A.H., Anthropogenic NH3 emissions in Europe, Atmos. Envir. 21 (1987) 1009-1022.
Catt J.A., Howse K.R., Christian D.G., Lane P.W., Harris G.L., Goss M.J., Strategies to decrease nitrate leaching in the Brimstone Farm Experiment, Oxfordshire, UK, 1988-93: the effect of straw incorporation, J. Agric. Sci. 131 (1998) 309-319.
Ceriotti G., Other non-protein nitrogenous compounds, in: Curtius H. Ch., Roth M. (Eds.), Clinical Biochemistry: Principles and methods, de Gruyter, Berlin, 1974, pp. 1122-1126.
Dewes T., Effect of pH, temperature, amount of litter and storage density on ammonia emissions from stable manure, J. Agric. Sci. 127 (1996) 501-509.
Donham K.J., Rubino M., Thedell T.D., Kammermeyer J., Potential health hazards to agricultural workers in swine confinement buildings, J. Occup. Med. 19 (1977) 383-387.
Drummond J.G., Curtis S.E., Simon J., Norton H.W., Effects of aerial ammonia on growth and health of young pigs, J. Anim. Sci. 50 (1980) 1085-1091.
Esteban Turzo P., Gonzalez Fernandez A., Garcia de Bustos J.M., Improved nitrogen fixation by acidification and dehydratation of slurry, in: Nielsen V.C., Voorburg J.H., L'Hermite P. (Eds.), Volatile emissions from livestocks farming and sewage operations, Elsevier Applied Science, 1988, pp. 170-178.
Hartung J., Phillips V.R., Control of gaseous emissions from livestock buildings and manure stores, J. Agric. Eng. Res. 57 (1994) 173-189.
Headon D.R., Dawson K.A., Yucca extract controls atmospheric ammonia levels, Feedstuffs (1990) 15-16.
Henriksen K., Berthelsen L., Matzen R., Separation of liquid pig manure by flocculation and ion exchange Part 1: Laboratory experiments, J. Agric. Eng. Res. 69 (1998) 115-125.
Kitai K., Arakawa A., Effect of antibiotics and caprylohydroxamic acid on ammonia gas from chicken excreta, Brit. poult. Sci. 20 (1979) 55-60.
Johnston N.L., Quarles C.L., Fagerberg D.J., Caveny D.D., Evaluation of Yucca Saponin on broiler performance and ammonia suppression, Poultry Sci. 60 (1981) 2289-2292.
Jorgensen S.E., Libor O., Lea graber K., Barkacs K., Ammonia removal by use of clinoptilolite, Water Res. 10 (1976) 213-224.
Li X.W., Bundy D.S., Zhu J., Huss M., Controlling manure odor emission using covers, in: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium: Livestock Environment V, ASAE, Bloomington, Minnesota, USA, 1997.
Lockyer D.R., A system for the measurement in the field of losses of ammonia through vola- tilization, J. Sci. Food Agric. 35 (1984) 837-848.
Marlier D., Nicks B., Canart B., Effect of two yucca extracts on the reduction of the ammonia concentrations, Ann. Méd. Vét. 137 (1993) 485-493.
Martinez J., Jolivet J., Guiziou F., Langeoire G., Ammonia emissions from pig slurries: evaluation of acidification and the use of additives in reducing losses, in: Ammonia and odour emissions from animal production facilities, Vinkeloord, The Netherlands, 1997.
Moal J.-F., Martinez J., Guiziou F., Coste C.-M., Ammonia volatilization following surface-applied pig and cattle slurry in France, J. Agric. Sci. 125 (1995) 245-252.
Moore P.A., Daniel T.C., Edwards D.R., Miller D.M., Effect of chemical amendments on ammonia volatilization from poultry litter, J. Environ. Qual. 24 (1995) 293-300.
Moore P.A., Daniel T.C., Edwards D.R., Miller D.M., Evaluation of chemical amendments to reduce ammonia volatilization from poultry litter, Poultry Sci. 75 (1996) 315-320.
Morisaki N., Phae C.G., Nakasaki K., Shoda M., Kubota, H., Nitrogen transformation during thermophilic composting, J. Ferment. Bioeng. 67 (1989) 57-61.
Nicks B., Désiron A., Canart B., Comparison of two litter materials, sawdust and a straw-sawdust mixture, for fattening pigs on deep litter, Ann. Zootech. 47 (1998) 107-116.
Oesthoek J., Kroodsma W., Hoeksma P., Betriebliche Mabnahmen zur Minderung von Ammoniakemissionen aus ställen. (Methods of reducing ammonia emissions from animal housing), in: Hartung J., Paduch M., Schirz S., Döhler H., van den Weghe H. (eds.), Ammoniak in der Umwelt, Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH, Münster, Germany, 1990, 29.1-23.
Pain B.F., Phillips V.R., Clarkson C.R., Klarenbeek J.V., Loss of nitrogen through ammonia volatization during and following the application of pig or cattle slurry to grassland, J. Sci. Food Agric. 47 (1989) 1-12.
Reece F.N., Bates B.J., Lott B.D., Ammonia control in broiler houses, Poultry Sci. 58 (1979) 754-755.
Rowland L.O., Plyler J.E., Bradley J.W., Yucca schidigera extract effect on egg production and house ammonia levels, Poultry Sci. 55 (1979) 2086.
Sahi F.H., Leitch M., Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) - products and use, J. Agric. Soc. 74 (1994) 95-104.
Saviozzi A., Levi-Minzi R., Riffaldi R., Vanni G., Laboratory studies on the application of wheat straw and pig slurry to soil and the resulting environmental implications, Agric., Ecosyst. and Environ. 61 (1997) 35-43.
Seki M., Imaizumi M., Imai K., Kitamura H., Kato T., Shiota Y., Effects of successive applications of rice straw on changes of inorganic components in paddy soil, Res. Bull. of the Aichiken Agric. Res. Center 21 (1989) 62-68.
Sommer S.G., Olesen J.E., Christensen B.T., Effects of temperature, wind speed and air humidity on ammonia volatilization from surface applied cattle slurry, J. Agric. Sci. 117 (1991) 91-100.
Sommer S.G., Ammonia volatilization from farm tanks containing anaerobically digested animal slurry, Atmos. Environ. 31 (1997) 863-868.
Spiekers H., Pfeffer E., Emissionsminderung durch angepabte Fütterung. (Reducing emissions by appropriate feeding), in: Hartung J., Paduch M., Schirz S., Döhler H., van den Weghe H. (eds.), Ammoniak in der Umwelt. Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH, Münster, Germany, 1990, 24.1-16.
Stevens R.J., Laughlin R.J., Frost J.P., Effect of acidification with sulphuric acid on the vola- tilization of ammonia from cow and pig slurries, J. Agric. Sci. 113 (1989) 389-395.
Swerts M., Dendooren L., Merckx R., Vlassak K., Déjections animales, Rev. Agric. 45 (1992) 265-274.
Thompson R.B., Ryden J.C., Lockyer D.R., Fate of nitrogen in cattle slurry following surface application or injection to grassland, J. Soil Sci. 38 (1987) 689-700.
Urbain B., Gustin P., Prouvost J.-F., Ansay M., Quantitative assessment of aerial ammonia toxicity to the nasal mucosa by use of the nasal lavage method in pigs, Am. J. Vet. Res. 55 (1994) 1335-1340.
Whitehead D.C., Raistrick N., Nitrogen in the excreta of dairy cattle: changes during short-term storage, J. Agric. Sci. 121 (1993) 73-81.
WHO, Environmental Health Criteria 54: Ammonia, World Health Organization Geneva, 1986, 210 p.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences