Free Access
Anim. Res.
Volume 50, Number 5, September-October 2001
Page(s) 337 - 348


Agricultural and Food Research Council, The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. Supplement No. 1. Report of the protein group of the ARC working party, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, 1984.
Agricultural Research Council, The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, 1980.
Bartram C.G., The endogenous protein content of ruminant proximal duodenal digesta, Ph.D. thesis, University of Nottingham, 1987.
Beever D.E., Gill M., Dawson J.M., Buttery P.J., The effect of fishmeal on the digestion of grass silage by growing cattle, Brit. J. Nutr. 63 (1990) 489-502.
Beever D.E., Thompson D.J., Cammell S.B., Harrison D.G., The digestion by sheep of silages made with and without the addition of formaldehyde, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 88 (1977) 61-70.
Chamberlain D.G., Thomas P.C., Quig J., Utilisation of silage nitrogen in sheep and cows: amino acid composition of duodenal digesta and rumen microbes, Grass Forage Sci. 41 (1986) 31-38.
Cozzi G., Bittante G., Polan C.E., Comparison of fibrous materials as modifiers of in situ ruminal degradation of corn gluten meal, J. Dairy Sci. 76 (1993) 1106-1113.
Dawson J.M., Bruce C.I., Buttery P.J., Gill M., Beever D.E., Protein metabolism in the rumen of silage-fed steers: effect of fishmeal supplementation, Brit. J. Nutr. 60 (1988) 339-353.
Dewhurst R.J., Davies D.R., Merry R.J., Microbial protein supply from the rumen, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 85 (2000) 1-21.
England P., Gill M., The effect of fish meal and sucrose supplementation on the voluntary intake of grass silage and live-weight gain of young cattle, Anim. Prod. 40 (1985) 259-265.
Faichney G.J., The use of markers to partition digestion within the gastro-intestinal tract of ruminants, in: McDonald I.W., Warner A.C.I. (Eds.), Digestion and Metabolism in the Ruminant, University of New England Publishing Unit., Armidale, NSW, 1975, pp. 277-291.
Garstang R., Thomas C., Gill M., The effect of supplementation of grass silage with fish meal on intake and performance by British Friesian calves, Anim. Prod. 28 (1979) 423 (Abs.).
Gill M., Beever D.E., The effect of protein supplementation on digestion and glucose metabol-ism in young cattle fed on silage, Brit. J. Nutr. 48 (1982) 37-47.
Gill M., Beever D.E., Buttery P.J., England P., Gibb M.J., Baker R.D., The effect of estradiol-17b implantation on the response in voluntary intake, live-weight gain and body composition, to fishmeal supplementation of silage offered to growing calves, J. Agric. Sci. 108 (1987) 9-16.
Gill M., England P., Effect of degradability of protein supplements on voluntary intake and nitrogen retention in young cattle fed grass silage, Anim. Prod. 39 (1984) 31-36.
Hume I.D., The proportion of dietary protein escaping degradation in the rumen of sheep fed various protein concentrates, Aust. J. Agric. Res. 25 (1974) 115-165.
Kaufmann W., Lupping W., Protected proteins and protected amino acids for ruminants, in: Miller E.L., Pike I.H., Van Es A.J.H. (Eds.), Protein Contribution of Feedstuffs for Ruminants: Application of Feed Formulation, Butterworths, London, 1982, pp. 36-75.
Keery C.M., Amos H.E., Frostschel M.A., Effects of supplemental protein source on intraruminal fermentation, protein degradation, and amino acid absorption, J. Dairy Sci. 76 (1993) 514-524.
Lawes Agricultural Trust, Genstat 5 reference manual, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1995.
Miller E.L., Evaluation of foods as sources of nitrogen and amino acids, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 32 (1973) 79-84.
Oldham J.D., Napper D.J., Smith T., Fulford R.J., Performance of dairy cows offered isonitrogenous diets containing urea or fishmeal in early and in mid-lactation, Brit. J. Nutr. 53 (1985) 337-345.
Petit H.V., Castonguay F., Growth and carcass quality of prolific crossbred lambs fed silage with fish meal or different amounts of concentrate, J. Anim. Sci. 72 (1994) 1849-1856.
Rooke J.A., Lee N.H., Armstrong D.G., The effects of intraruminal infusions of urea, casein, glucose syrup and a mixture of casein and glucose syrup on nitrogen digestion in the rumen of cattle receiving grass-silage diets, Brit. J. Nutr. 57 (1987) 89-98.
Scollan N.D., Dhanoa M.S., Choi N.J., Maeng W.J., Enser M., Wood J.D., Biohydrogenation and digestion of long chain fatty acids in steers fed on different sources of lipid, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 136 (2001) 345-355.
Scollan N.D., Lee M.R.F., Kim E.J., Alteration of efficiency of meat production in beef cattle by manipulating diets, Proceedings of 8th World Conference on Animal Production, Symposium Series 2, Seoul, Korea, 1998, pp. 92-113.
Scollan N.D., Sargeant A., McAllan A.B., Dhanoa M.S., Protein supplementation of grass silages of differing digestibility for growing steers, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 136 (2001) 89-98.
Siddons R.C., Evans R.T., Beever D.E., The effect of formaldehyde treatment before ensiling on the digestion of wilted grass silage by sheep, Brit. J. Nutr. 42 (1979) 535-545.
Siddons R.C., Nolan J.V., Beever D.E., MacRae J.C., Nitrogen digestion and metabolism in sheep consuming diets containing contrasting forms and levels of N, Brit. J. Nutr. 54 (1985) 175-187.
Siddons R.C., Paradine J., Beever D.E., Cornell P.R., Ytterbium acetate as a particulate phase digesta flow marker, Brit. J. Nutr. 54 (1985) 509-519.
Steen R.W.J., Protein supplementation of silage-based diets for calves, Anim. Prod. 41 (1985) 293-300.
Thomas P.C., Utilisation of conserved forage, in: Thompson D.J., Beever D.E., Gunn R.G. (Eds.), Forage Protein in Ruminant Animal Production, Occasional Publication of the British Society of Animal Production No. 6, Thames Ditton, 1982, pp. 67-76.
Thomas P.C., Chamberlain D.G., Kelly N.C., Wait M.K., The nutritive value of silages. Digestion of nitrogenous constituents in sheep receiving diets of grass silage and grass silage and barley, Brit. J. Nutr. 43 (1980) 469-479.
Thompson D.J., Beever D.E., Lonsdale C.R., Haines M.J., Cammell S.B., Austin A.R., The digestion by cattle of grass silage made with formic acid and formic acid-formaldehyde, Brit. J. Nutr. 46 (1981) 193-207.
Veira D.M., Butler G., Proulx J.G., Poste L.M., Utilisation of grass silage by cattle: effect of supplementation with different sources and amounts of protein, J. Anim. Sci. 72 (1994) 1403-1408.
Zerbini E., Polan C.E., Protein sources evaluated for ruminating Holstein calves, J. Dairy Sci. 68 (1985) 1416-1424.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences