Free Access
Anim. Res.
Volume 52, Number 4, July-August 2003
Page(s) 309 - 320


  1. Ashes J.R., Siebert B.D., Suresh K., Gulati S.K., Cuthbertson A.Z., Scott T.W., Incorporation of n-3 fatty acids of fish oil into tissue and serum lipids of ruminants, Lipids 27 (1992) 629-631.
  2. Bauchart D., Legay-Carmier F., Doreau M., Gaillard B., Lipid metabolism of liquid-associated and solid-adherent bacteria in rumen contents of dairy cows offered lipid-supplemented diets, Brit. J. Nutr. 63 (1990) 563-578.
  3. Beam T.M., Jenkins T.C.,Moate P.J.,Kohn R.A., Palmquist D.L., Effects of amount and source of fat on the rates of lipolysis and biohydrogenation of fatty acids in ruminal contents, J.Dairy Sci. 83 (2000) 2564-2573.
  4. Demeyer D.I., Henderson C., Prins R.A., Relative significance of exogenous and de novo synthesized fatty acids in the formation of rumen microbial lipids in vitro, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 35 (1978) 24-31.
  5. Doreau M., Chilliard Y., Effects of ruminal or postruminal fish oil supplementation on intake and digestion in dairy cows, Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 37 (1997) 113-124.
  6. Doreau M., Ferlay A., Digestion and utilisation of fatty acids by ruminants, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 45 (1994) 379-396.
  7. Fievez V., Dohme F., Danneels M., Raes K., Demeyer D., Fish oils as potent rumen methane inhibitors and associated effects on rumen fermentation in vitro and in vivo, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 104 (2003) 41-58.
  8. Fievez V.I., Van Nevel C.J., Demeyer D.I., Lipolysis and biohydrogenation of PUFA's from fish oil during in vitro incubation with rumen contents, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 59 (2000) 193A.
  9. Galbraith H.,Miller T.B., Paton A.M., Thompson J.K.,Antibacterial activity of long chain fatty acids and the reversal with calcium, magnesium, ergocalciferol and cholesterol, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 34 (1971) 803-813.
  10. Givens D.I., Cottrill B.R., Davies M., Lee P.A., Mansbridge R.M., Moss A.R., Sources of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids additional to fish oil for livestock diets, Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 70 (2000) 1-19.
  11. Goldfine H., Lipids of prokaryotes: structure and distribution, in: Bronner F., Kleinzeller A. (Eds.), Current Topics in Membranes and Transport, Academic Press, New York and London, 1982, pp. 1-43.
  12. Gulati S.K., Ashes J.R., Scott T.W., Hydrogenation of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids and their incorporation intomilk fat, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 79 (1999) 57-64.
  13. Gulati S.K., Scott T.W., Ashes J.R., In-vitro assessment of fat supplements for ruminants, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 64 (1997) 127-132.
  14. Harfoot C.G., Hazelwood G.P., Lipid metabolism in the rumen, in: Hobson P.N., Stewart C.S. (Eds.), The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem, Blackie academic & professional, London, 1997, pp. 382-419.
  15. Hawke J.C., Silcock W.R., The in vitro rates of lipolysis and biohydrogenation in rumen contents, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 218 (1970) 201-212.
  16. Jenkins K.J., Kramer J.K.G., Effects of dietary corn oil and fish oil concentrate on lipid composition of calf tissues, J. Dairy Sci. 73 (1990) 2940-2951.
  17. Jones D.F., Weiss W.P., Palmquist D.L., Influence of dietary tallow and fish oil on milk composition, J. Dairy Sci. 83 (2000) 2024-2026.
  18. Kitessa S.M., Gulati S.K., Ashes J.R., Scott T.W., Fleck E., Effect of feeding tuna oil supplement protected against hydrogenation in the rumen in growth and n-3 fatty acid content of lamb and muscle, Aust. J. Agric. Res. 52 (2001) 433-437.
  19. Moore J.H., Christie W.W., Digestion, absorption and transport of fats in ruminant animals, in: Wiseman J. (Ed.), Fats in animal nutrition, Butterworths, London, 1984, pp. 123-149.
  20. Newbold C.J., Chamberlain D.G., Lipid as rumen-defaunating agents, Proc. Nutr. Soc. 47 (1988) 154A.
  21. Palmquist D.L., Kinsey D.J., Lipolysis and biohydrogenation of fish oil by ruminalmicroorganisms, J. Anim. Sci. 72 (1994) 350.
  22. Raes K.,De Smet S., DemeyerD., Effect of double- muscling in Belgian Blue young bulls on the intramuscular fatty acid composition with emphasis on conjugated linoleic acid and polyunsaturated fatty acids, Anim. Sci. 73 (2001) 253-260.
  23. Scollan N.D., Dhanoa M.S., Choi N.J., Maeng W.J., Enser M., Wood J.D., Biohydrogenation and digestion of long chain fatty acids in steers fed on different sources of lipid, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 136 (2001) 345-355.
  24. Thompson L., Spiller R.C., Impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids on human colonic bacterial metabolism: an in vitro and in vivo study, Brit. J. Nutr. 74 (1995) 733-741.
  25. Van Nevel C., Demeyer D.I., Lipolysis and biohydrogenation of soybean oil in the rumen in vitro: inhibition by antimicrobials, J. Dairy Sci. 78 (1995) 2797-2806.
  26. Van Nevel C.J., Demeyer D.I., Influence of pH on lipolysis and biohydrogenation of soybean oil by rumen contents in vitro, Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 36 (1996) 53-63.
  27. Wachira A.M., Sinclair L.A., Wilkinson R.G., Hallett K., Enser M., Wood J.D., Rumen biohydrogenation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their effects on microbial efficiency and nutrient digestibility in sheep, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 135 (2000) 419-428.
  28. Wang J.H., Song M.K., Effect of sources and levels of carbohydrates on fermentation characteristics and hydrogenation of linoleic acid by rumen bacteria in vitro, AAJAS 14 (2001) 48-53.
  29. Williams C.M., Dietary fatty acids and human health, Ann. Zootech. 49 (2000) 165-180.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences